3D printed interact with with a flat yellow top

Assistive switches can help people with disabilities independently access anything from computers and smartphones to switch-adapted toys and appliances. These may also be referred to as adaptive switches, or access switches. Assistive switches can also be used to supplement or in place of controllers for adaptive gaming.

On a toy, for instance, imagine instead of having to use a high level of dexterity to grab and move a tiny on-off switch, you could instead tap a large button that’s easy to target and press. Or use a switch that detects minor hand movements so that you don’t even have to press anything. The possibilities are endless.

Switches come in many different shapes and sizes, and address many different needs. To help you choose the right switches for your needs, we’ve created a guide comparing the various switches in our Assistive Device Library, as well as through various assistive device distributors.

Open Source Switch Options

The assistive switches below all are open-source options. You can build them yourself or with a friend (i.e., DIY, DIT) or submit a request through the Makers Making Change site to connect with a volunteer maker to have it made for you (requestors are responsible for covering the cost of materials and any shipping).

Visit the linked title of each of the devices for further details.

Vendor Device Intended
Users
Mode of Activation Activation Force Cost (CAD) Shape Dimensions (LxWxH cm) Mounting Methods Additional Requirements
Makers Making Change Device Library DIY Cardboard Switch New to switches, looking for a trial Pressure Variable $51-$100 Variable Variable Tape, Glue, Velcro None
Corrugated Plastic Switch New to switches, looking for a trial Pressure Variable $26-$50 Variable Variable Tape, Glue, Velcro None
Interact Switch Minimal gross motor control Pressure 36 gf (0.35 N) $11-$25 Cylindrical 8.5×8.5×2
(Height variable due to customizable button)
Screws,
Velcro,
Jellybean switch mounts
None
Custom Single Switch Minimal dexterity, Minimal motor control Pressure 133 gf (1.3 N) $11-$25 Variable Variable Worn
(custom fit)
Warm water for  molding pellets
Analog Sip and Puff Switch Gross motor control Inhale/Exhale 0.57-2.32 psi $101-$250 Rectangular 6x11x2 Velcro, T-nut threads None
Large Lever Switch Minimal motor control, mouth input Pressure 51  – 153 gf  (.5-1.5 N) $11-$25 Rectangular 3.5x13x4 1/4″ rod with thumbscrew, Thread on None
Resistive Touch Switch Low force, minimal dexterity Skin Conductance Touch $11-$25 Rectangular 7x5x3 hub
7x5x1 rec. pad
5x3x1 cir. pad
Tape, Velcro Moist skin, batteries
Light Proximity Switch Targeting difficulty, minimal dexterity Proximity Not Available $11-$25 Housekey 14.5x8x1.5 Tape, Velcro Some amount
of light, battery
Open Wobble Switch Gross motor control, difficulty targeting Pressure 56 gf (0.55 N) $26-$50 Rectangular 4x3x21 (Height variable due to handle design) 1/4″-20 UNC Thread Mounting
Open Rocker Switch (2 switches) Minimal to gross motor control Pressure 133 gf (1.3 N) $11-$25 Rectangular 16.5x7x1 Tape, Velcro None
Raindrop Switch Minimal motor control, low dexterity Pressure 133 gf (1.3 N) <$10 Raindrop 3x2x1 Tape, Velcro None
MMC60 Round Flexure Switch Minimal to gross motor control Pressure 345gf (3.4 N) $11-$25 Cylindrical 6x6x4 Tape, Velcro, 1/4″-20 UNC Thread None
Light Touch Switch Minimal motor control Pressure 31 – 41 gf (0.3-0.4 N) <$10 Rectangular 5x2x2 Tape, Velcro, Glue None
Solderless Unibody Switch Minimal motor control Pressure 31 – 41 gf (0.3-0.4 N) <$10 Rectangular 5x2x2.5 Tape, Velcro, Glue None
Voice Switch Vocal, minimal motor control Voice Not Applicable $26-$50 Rectangular Variable Tape, Velcro Amazon Echo
Volksswitch Minimal to gross motor control Pressure 660 gf ( 6.5 N) <$10 Rectangular 8x8x4 Tape, Velcro None
LipSync Limited motor control, mouth input Inhale/Exhale, Pressure 0.57-2.32 psi,
0.1-1.2 N
$101-$250 Cylindrical 17x7x7 1/2″ NPT OR 1/4″-20 UNC Thread Computer or mobile tablet, mounting

 

Commercial Switch Options

The assistive switch options below are available for purchase commercially. Visit the linked title of each of the devices for further details.

Vendor Device Intended
Users
Mode of Activation Activation Force Cost (CAD) Shape Dimensions (LxWxH cm) Mounting Methods DIY Camera Mount Additional Requirements
Enabling Devices 4-in-1 Joystick Switch (4 switches) Gross motor control Pressure 36 gf (0.35 N) $143.48* Cylindrical 14.5×14.5×11 Velcro suggested None
Set of 3 Compact Switches Minimal to gross motor control Pressure 36 gf (0.35 N) $90.41* Cylindrical 2x2x2 Velcro None
Cushion Grip Switch Good grip, low dexterity Pressure 40 gf (0.4 N) small: $66.28*
medium: $68.70*
Cylindrical small: 3×4.5×9
medium: 5x5x13
Elastic strap None
Finger Switch Low dexterity Pressure Low $101.26* Rectangular 4x1x2.5 Velcro strap for hand None
Pinch Switch Low dexterity Pressure 100 gf (1 N) $53.01* Rectangular 7.5x3x0.5 Not Available None
Tilt Switch Minimal motor control, good head movement Movement Variable $57.84* Rectangular 7.5x5x2.5 Adjustable Velcro band None
Twitch Switch Limited motor control, facial muscle control Flexing Low $159.16* Rectangular < 3cm2 Medical Tape Battery
AbleNet Specs Switch Minimal to gross motor control Pressure 87 gf (0.85 N) $78.54* Cylindrical 3.5×3.5×2 Screws, Velcro, tape None
Jelly Bean Minimal to gross motor control Pressure 72 gf (0.7 N) $78.54* Cylindrical 8.4×8.4×2.7 Screws,
Velcro,
Jellybean switch mounts
3 Inch AT Switch Camera Mount None
Micro Light Switch Gross motor control Pressure 11 gf (0.1 N) $103.46* Rectangular 4.6x2x2.3 Mounting Plate, Velcro Camera Mount Adapter for Micro Light None
Wobble Switch Gross motor control, difficulty targeting Pressure 133 gf (1.3 N) $181.26* Rectangular 3.13×3.2×19 Mounting Plate None
Blue2 Bluetooth Switch (2 switches) Minimal to gross motor control Pressure Not Available $267.78* Rectangular 4.6x2x2.3 Not Available Bluetooth
Big Red Gross motor control Pressure 153 gf (1.5 N) $78.54* Cylindrical 16.2×16.2×3.5 AbleNet Universal Mounting Plate Camera Mount Adapter for Big Switches None
Big Buddy Button Red Gross motor control Pressure 153 gf (1.5 N) $78.54* Cylindrical 11.5×11.5×2.6 AbleNet Universal Mounting Plate None
Buddy Button Limited to gross motor control Pressure 143gf  (1.4 N) $78.54* Cylindrical 6.4×6.4×2 AbleNet Universal Mounting Plate None
Mini Cup Switch Limited dexterity Pressure 133 gf (1.3 N) $91.29* Cylindrical 2.4×2.4×0.9 AbleNet Universal Mounting Plate None
Cup Switch Limited dexterity Pressure 347 gf (3.4 N) $103.46* Cylindrical 4.8×4.8×1.5 AbleNet Universal Mounting Plate None
Jelly Beamer Transmitter Limited to gross motor control Pressure 72 gf (0.7 N) $133.89* Cylindrical 10×8.2×5.5 AbleNet Universal Mounting Plate Original Receiver
Big Beamer Transmitter Limited to gross motor control Pressure 153 gf (1.5 N) $133.89* Cylindrical 16.2×16.2×3.5 AbleNet Universal Mounting Plate Original Receiver
Mini Beamer Transmitter Gross motor control Proximity 0-1 cm from
surface
$176.49* Rectangular 5.5×5.5×1.6 AbleNet Universal Mounting Plate Original Receiver
Plate Switch Minimal motor control Pressure 112 gf (1.1 N) $109.55* Rectangular 8.6×8.6×0.7 AbleNet Universal Mounting Plate None
Grasp Switch Good grip, limited motor control Pressure 306 gf (3 N) $298.21* Rectangular 3.3×3.3×14.9 Grasp Mini Joystick Plate None
Imperium Sip and Puff Switch Limited motor control, mouth input Inhale/Exhale Not Available $480.78* Rectangular Not Available Gooseneck mount and
mounting clamp
None
Pillow Switch Limited to gross motor control, hand pain issues Pressure 184 gf (1.8 N) $152.15* Cylindrical 8.6×8.6×2.5 Velcro, safety pin n/a None
BIG Candy Corn Switch Gross motor control, difficulty targeting Proximity 0-2.5 cm from
surface
$273.86* Triangular 10x10x1.5 Magnet None
LITTLE Candy Corn Switch Limited to gross motor control, difficulty targeting Proximity 0-1 cm from
surface
$273.86* Triangular 7x7x3 Magnet Camera Mount Adapter for Little Candy Corn Proximity Switch Battery
Bridges Canada PikoButton 30 Small – Light Limited to gross motor control Pressure 75 gf (0.75 N) $125 Cylindrical ∅30 mm x 13 mm height Velcro None
PikoButton 30 Small – Regular Limited to gross motor control Pressure 125 gf (1.25 N) $125 Cylindrical ∅30 mm x 13 mm height Velcro None
PikoButton 30 Small – Stiff Limited to gross motor control Pressure 250 gf (2.5 N) $125 Cylindrical ∅30 mm x 13 mm height Velcro None
PikoHutton 30 Small – Water resistant Limited to gross motor control Pressure 125 gf (1.25 N) $185 Cylindrical ∅30 mm x 13 mm height Velcro None
PikoButton 50 Medium – Light Limited to gross motor control Pressure 75 gf (0.75 N) $125 Cylindrical ∅50 mm x 13 mm height Mounting bracket in MMC Library, Velcro Camera Mount Adapter for 50mm PikoButton None
PikoButton 50 Medium – Regular Limited to gross motor control Pressure 125 gf (1.25 N) $125 Cylindrical ∅50 mm x 13 mm height Mounting bracket in MMC Library, Velcro Camera Mount Adapter for 50mm PikoButton None
PikoButton 50 Medium – Stiff Limited to gross motor control Pressure 250 gf (2.5 N) $125 Cylindrical ∅50 mm x 13 mm height Mounting bracket in MMC Library, Velcro Camera Mount Adapter for 50mm PikoButton None
PikoButton 50 Medium – Water Resistant Limited to gross motor control Pressure 125 gf (1.25 N) $185 Cylindrical ∅50 mm x 13 mm height Mounting bracket in MMC Library, Velcro Camera Mount Adapter for 50mm PikoButton None
Chin Switch Minimal motor control, good chin movement Pressure 0.5-1 N $297.00 Cylindrical Variable Plastic tube necklace None
iSwitch Minimal to gross motor control Pressure 1.2 N $292.00 Cylindrical 7.5×7.5×4 Not Available Bluetooth Device
Easy Switch Minimal to gross motor control Pressure Not Available $247.00 Cylindrical Not Available Not Available USB connected device
Bright Box Tactile Gross motor control Pressure Not Available $232.00 Rectangular 11x6x2.5 Not Available None
Smoothie Switch Minimal to gross motor control Pressure Not Available $64.00 Cylindrical 12.5×12.5×4 Not Available None
Pal Pad Minimal motor control Touch/Pressure Not Available $58.00 Rectangular small: 5x5x2.5
medium: 7x10x2.5
large: 11.25x15x2.5
Not Available None
Moon Switch Red Minimal to gross motor control Pressure <0.5 N $52.00 Cylindrical 6.5×6.5×3 Not Available None
Mini-Moon Proximity Switch Low targeting, gross motor control Proximity 0-1 cm from
surface
$365.00 Cylindrical 6.25×6.25×1.5 Not Available None
Adjustable Proximity Switch Low targeting, gross motor control Proximity 0-1.5 cm from
surface
$365.00 Rectangular 5.5x3x1.5 Mounted with bolts None
Table Tapper Gross motor control Impact Variable $232.00 Variable Variable Rests on surface Hard flat surface
Dipsy Minimal motor control, good head movement Motion 30-degree tilt $77.00 Cylindrical Variable Headband, finger
mount
None
HoneyBee Proximity Switch Difficulty targeting, gross motor control Proximity Touch, 6 inches (14 cm), 3 inches (7 cm), 1 inch (3 cm) $278.00 Rectangular 8x4x1.5 Mounting bracket in
MMC Library, Velcro
Camera Mount Adapter for HoneyBee Proximity Battery
Logitech Adaptive Gaming Kit (all switches come together with kit) Light Touch Button x4 (from the Logitech Adaptive Gaming Kit) Limited dexterity Pressure 0.6 N $147.52* (for the kit) Rectangular 4.8×1.7×1.2 Velcro Camera Mount Adapter for Logitech Light Touch Button None
Variable Trigger x2 (from the Logitech Adaptive Gaming Kit) Limited dexterity, variable output Pressure 1 N $147.52* (for the kit) Rectangular 7.3×2.8×4.6 Velcro Camera Mount Adapter for Logitech Variable Trigger Button None
Small Button x3 (from the Logitech Adaptive Gaming Kit) Limited dexterity Pressure 0.5 N $147.52* (for the kit) Cylindrical 3.5×3.5×1.7 Velcro Camera Mount Adapter for Logitech Small Button None
Large Button x3 (from the Logitech Adaptive Gaming Kit) Limited to gross motor control Pressure 1 N $147.52* (for the kit) Cylindrical 6.5×6.5×1.9 Velcro Camera Mount Adapter for Logitech Large Button None

 

Do you want to request an Open Source Switch? For the switches in our library, you can click “Request” to start the process. You can also make a post in our forum and get in touch with the maker community directly. We also have a device selection guide on Switch Interfaces, which allow you to connect your switches to computers, smartphones, and tablets.